The Pharmacy Technician certificate program prepares the student to perform a wide variety of pharmacy related tasks under the direct supervision of a registered pharmacist, either in an out-patient setting or an inpatient setting. Successful completion of the program will qualify the student to take a National Certification Exam.
Students must be at least 18 years of age prior to the start of the third semester of the program and have a high school diploma or GED; an Arizona Department of Public Safety Fingerprint Clearance Card; TB skin test or chest X-ray specifying absence of tuberculosis; CPR for Healthcare Providers card; immunizations outlined in application; reading proficiency. Admission to program is once yearly in the summer session. An application for the program is available online at www.yc.edu/pharmacy.
||Internship: Allied Health Serv 1
AHS 296. Internship: Allied Health Services (3). Supervised field experience with businesses, corporations, government agencies, schools and community organizations to expand career interests and apply subject knowledge relevant to the workplace. Individualized internship placements to develop personal and professional skills, including professional ethics, leadership, and civic responsibility. Student must have a GPA of 2.0; have completed specific degree requirements as required by the program; and have completed the internship application process. [Repeatable for a total of 6 credit hours towards degree/certificate requirements.] S/U grading only.
1. Organizational overview of assigned placement
2. Integration of job description and organization's requirements
3. Elements of documentation of experience
4. Planning and time management
5. Professional, legal, and ethical issues
6. Communication, critical thinking, and problem solving
7. Specialized equipment, tools, and software required in the placement
1. Exhibit appropriate workplace behaviors and professional ethics.
2. Apply discipline specific knowledge and skills in the professional workplace.
3. Define and utilize technical terms in written and oral communications.
4. Use critical thinking, problem solving, ethical awareness, and effective writing
5. Interpret written and oral instructions.
6. Initiate and complete assigned responsibilities.
7. Maintain documentation required to comply with government employer or nonprofit agency regulations.
8. Use specialized equipment, software, and tools as required.
9. Analyze and interpret data for specified reports.
10. Identify opportunities for improvement in process and documentation related to the workplace.
11. Articulate job description and position in assigned organization.
1. Record of Student Internship workplace hours.
2. Individual Education Plan (IEP) as approved by supervision faculty.
3. A daily journal, or work log of tasks, including dates, descriptive comments, problems and solutions.
4. A reflective paper or project as specified by the supervision faculty.
5. A minimum of two evaluations by the workplace employer or supervisor.
6. Student's self-evaluation of experience.
||Fundamentals of Pharmacy Tech
PHT 100. Fundamentals of Phamracy Technology (3). Overview of basic sciences including microbiology and chemistry. Introduction to major drug classifications, dosage forms, and routes of administration. Medical terminology and abbreviations. Prerequisite: Program admission. Reading proficiency. Corequisite: PHT 110. Three lecture.
1. Basic microbiology
2. Basic chemistry
3. Medical terminology
4. Methods and routes of drug administration
5. Drug classifications
6. Drug abbreviations
7. Trade and generic drug names
8. Common herbal remedies
1. Define the major classifications of organisms (taxonomy). (1)
2. Discuss the history of antibiotics and how they are used. (1,2)
3. Identify common viruses and the diseases they cause. (1)
4. Utilize basic principles of chemistry as they relate to the composition and use of medications. (2)
5. Define pharmacy-related medical terminology. (3)
6. List the most common forms of medications and how they are administered. (4)
7. Describe the five major drug classifications. (5)
8. Interpret and use pharmaceutical abbreviations. (6)
9. Recognize the trade and generic names of frequently prescribed medications. (7)
10. Discuss the implications of herbal remedies and their potential drug interactions. (8)
PHT 110. Pharmaceutical Calculations (3). Conversions and calculations used by pharmacy technicians. Prerequisite: Program admission. MAT 082 or higher or skills assessment. Corequisite: PHT 100. Three lecture.
2. Fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios, and proportions
3. Word problems
4. Metric system
5. Household measurements
6. Apothecary and Avoirdupois systems
7. Oral syringes and injections
8. Pediatric and geriatric dosing
9. Drip rates
1. Apply the basic rules of mathematics: multiplication, division, fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios, and proportions to pharmaceutical calculations. (1, 2)
2. Solve word problems. (1-3)
3. Identify and use conversions of measurement systems. (4-6)
4. Define oral syringe and injection dosing parameters. (7)
5. Calculate drug dosages for oral and parenteral routes, pediatrics, and according to body surface area. (1-8)
6. Calculate drip rates commonly used in practice. (9)
7. Apply reconstitution, dilution, and alligation principles. (10,11)
PHT 120. Pharmacy Practice (4). Overview of pharmacy history, pharmacy laws and ethics, role of the pharmacy technician, drug information resources, pharmacy inventory, billing, and safety. Prerequisite: PHT 110. Co-requisite: PHT 125. Four lecture.
1. History of medicine and pharmacy
2. Pharmacy laws and regulations
3. Pharmacy ethics, competencies, associations, and settings for technicians
4. Drug information references
5. Prescription processing
6. Over-the-counter medications
7. Complementary and alternative medicine
8. Hospital pharmacy
9. Repackaging and compounding
10. Infection control principles
11. Pharmacy inventory and billing
12. Medication safety and error prevention
1. Discuss the history of medicine with an emphasis on the development of pharmacy practice. (1)
2. Describe the duties and responsibilities of a pharmacy technician in various environments. (2, 8)
3. Identify and discuss legal and ethical issues within pharmacy practice. (2, 3)
4. Identify pharmacy technician associations and employment settings. (3)
5. Search for drug information utilizing reliable resources. (4)
6. Process prescriptions. (5)
7. Differentiate over-the-counter versus legend medications. (4, 6)
8. Prepare alternative/complementary medications. (7)
9. Explain the processes of repackaging, inventory control and compounding. (9, 11)
10. List common third party forms of payment. (11)
11. Identify third party adjudication, various insurance programs and inventory control considerations. (11)
12. Employ safe-practice techniques, error prevention methodology, and infection control principles. (10, 12)
PHT 125. Pharmacology (4). Relationships among anatomy and physiology, disease states, and drugs affecting body systems. Overview of pharmacology. Prerequisite: PHT 110. Co-requisite: PHT 120. Four lecture.
1. Endocrine system
2. Nervous system
3. Respiratory system
4. Visual and auditory systems
5. Integumentary system
6. Gastrointestinal system
7. Urinary system
8. Cardiovascular system
9. Reproductive system
10. Lymphatic system
11. Antimicrobial agents
12. Anti-inflammatories and antihistamines
13. Vitamins and minerals
15. Oncology agents
1. Identify basic anatomy and physiology of applicable body systems. (1-10)
2. Identify disease states and disorders of applicable body systems. (1-10)
3. Identify and list medications used to treat disease states and disorders of applicable body systems. (1-16)
4. List and describe the characteristics of medications including: indications for use, dosage forms, usual dosage, side effects, interactions with other drugs, storage requirements, generic and trade names, and mechanism of action. (1-16)
5. Identify medications used for mental health. (16)
6. List types of infections and explain how they are commonly treated. (11)
7. Explain inflammatory and allergic conditions and how they are commonly treated. (12)
8. Discuss the history and regulation of vitamins and mineral supplements and their common uses in healthcare. (13)
9. Identify common vaccine-preventable diseases, and proper immunization preparation, storage, and schedules. (14)
10. Describe diagnostic measures and pharmaceuticals used to treat various types of cancer. (15)
||Pharmacy Tech Cert Review
PHT 200. Pharmacy Technician Certification Review (3). Review of standard subject materials in preparation for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) Examination. Prerequisite: PHT 125. Corequisite: AHS 296. Three lecture.
1. PTCB exam format
2. PTCB exam categories and proportional distribution
3. Review process
4. Study strategies
6. Testing requirements
7. Testing locations
8. Practice PTCB exam
1. Identify categories of the PTCB examination including content areas and associated concepts within each category. (1,2)
2. Outline a plan for the review process. (3)
3. Identify strategies to enhance and improve retention of pharmacy technician concepts and skills and determine individual focus areas of study. (4)
4. Utilize various review resources including books, CDs and on-line materials to augment examination preparation. (5)
5. Identify where and when the PTCB exam is offered and the requirements for testing. (6,7)
6. Pass a practice PTCB examination. (8)
|1 - Students must complete all Pharmacy Technician requirements before enrolling in the Allied Health Services Internship. Permission of the program director is also required.